Dutch Sister Ships
Side view O 1 (Drawing by Gary W. McCue).
For additional photos and information please check the 'related pages list' at the bottom of this page.
1 June 1904: Although it was uncertain whether the Royal Netherlands Navy would buy a submarine, the Dutch shipyard K.M. De Schelde in Vlissingen laid down the Luctor et Emergo. It was a Holland 7P type boat, designed by the Holland Torpedo Boat Co. Many sources report the type as Holland IX, but this is incorrect. This American company sent the engineer Ir. Marly Hai to the Netherlands to assist the Dutch shipyard during the construction of Luctor et Emergo.
1904: During a visit to Europe Frank Cable, of the Holland Torpedo Boat Co., inspects the Luctor et Emergo.
8 July 1905: The Luctor et Emergo is launched.
25 Oct 1905: The Ministry of Defence appoints a committee for overseeing trials of the Luctor et Emergo.
An American crew, that manned the boat during trials, arrives in the Netherlands.
1905 or 1906: According to Jan. De Kloe his grandfather was on board during at least one of the trials. During this trials the O 1 hugged the bottom of the river Schelde for 2 hours. The crew killed the time with pillow fights (against the cold) and by playing cards.
3 Dec 1905: Luctor et Emergo is towed from Vlissingen to Den Helder via the inland route (canals) by the tugboat Jacob, they are accompanied by the a lighter. Due to a few collisions and other problems it takes them more than a week to reach Den Helder.
The trials in Den Helder are unsuccessful, the committee overseeing trials is not satisfied, and therefore the Luctor et Emergo returns to Vlissingen.
The Luctor et Emergo, still moored in Vlissingen, is frequently visited by Ltz. I P. Koster who still thinks the boat can meet the demands of the committee (see 25 Oct). Koster takes leave from the Navy and is hired by the shipyard K.M. De Schelde. P. Koster trains a handpicked crew and conducts new trials with the Luctor et Emergo.
The Luctor et Emergo sails to Den Helder for trials once again, but this time the North Sea route is taken. The following trials in Den Helder are successful.
1 Aug 1906: The committee overseeing trials of the Luctor et Emergo reports that the submarine has passed all trials and test.
Trials show the boat is capable of doing 8,35 kts during 12 hours when surfaced and 7 kts during 3 hours when submerged. They also show that there are no leaks when submerged to a depth of 30 m.
20 Dec 1906: Luctor et Emergo is sold to the Royal Netherlands Navy for NLG 430000.
21 Dec 1906: Luctor et Emergo is commissioned as the Onderzeese boot 1 (Undersea boat 1) to the Royal Netherlands Navy. The Onderzeese boot 1 is the first submarine of the Royal Netherlands Navy.
21 Dec 1906 - 1 Mar 1907: O 1 is under the command of Ltz. I P. Koster.
It is not clear when Onderzeese boot 1 is renamed O 1
Jan 1907: The O 1 submerges in the harbour of Den Helder, this is the first dive of the submarine since her trials in 1906.
Jan 1907: The periscope of O 1 is damaged after being hit by a big piece of ice.
Her Majesty Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands watches diving manoeuvres with the O 1.
1 Mar - 16 Nov 1907: O 1 is under the command of Ltz. II Esq. G.L Schorer.
16 Nov 1907 - ?: O 1 is under the command of Ltz. II D. Scalongne.
? - 30 Nov 1909: O 1 is under the command of C.H. de Goeje. (This data is probably incorrect.)
27 Mar 1908: His Royal Highness Prince Hendrik of The Netherlands visits the O 1 while the boat is moored in Nieuwediep.
O 1 fires her first torpedo (type Xa).
30 Nov 1909: O 1 is temp. decommissioned.
1 Apr 1910 - 11 June 1912: O 1 is re-commissioned and under the command of ?
Sep 1910: O 1 is in Amsterdam where Queen Wilhelmina and Prince Hendrik are hosts for the Belgium King Albert and Queen Elisabeth. According to Scalogne Queen Wilhelmina also visits the O 1.
11 June 1912 - 27 June 1914: O 1 is under the command of Ltz. II J.M. de Booy.
The 2-stroke,4-cylinder,160 apk OTTO petrol engine is replaced by a 200 apk M.A.N. diesel engine.
16 Sep - 24 Dec 1914: O 1 is under the command of Ltz. II D. Scalongne.
Early 1918 - 24 Dec 1918: O 1 is under the command of Ltz. II G.E.V.L. Beckman.
(Unconfirmed) ? - ?: O 1 is under the command of Ltz. II S.H. Leegstra.
(Unconfirmed) ? - ?: O 1 is under the command of Ltz. II S. Visman.
? - ?: O 1 is under the command of Ltz. II J.L. Chaillet.
(Unconfirmed)? - ?: O 1 is under the command of Ltz. II A.L.E. Rambonnet.
(Unconfirmed)? - ?: O 1 is under the command of Ltz. II J.W.D. Kuyl.
World War I
The Netherlands is neutral. O 1 is based at Den Helder.
O 1. The bow of the submarine is out of the water because the torpedo and the crew is moved aft. Sometime before 1915. Year and place unknown (Photo: © Courtesy P. den Tek).
(Unconfirmed)? - 1919: O 1 is under the command of Ltz. II / Ltz. I H. Nieuwenhuis.
(Unconfirmed)? - ?: O 1 is under the command of Ltz. II P.J. Feteris.
(Unconfirmed)? - ?: O 1 is under the command of Ltz. II H.C. Nieuwenhuisen.
O 1 is decommissioned.
The O 1 is scrapped. Only the conning tower is saved. Nowadays the conning tower can be seen the entrance of the OZD (submarine service) barracks at the Den Helder navy shipyard.
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